Roles and phases in superpower deterrence and escalation control by William Schwabe

Cover of: Roles and phases in superpower deterrence and escalation control | William Schwabe

Published by RAND Corp. in Santa Monica, CA (1700 Main St., P.O. Box 2138, Santa Monica, 90406-2138) .

Written in English

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Places:

  • United States

Subjects:

  • Nuclear crisis control,
  • World politics -- 1989-,
  • Deterrence (Strategy),
  • United States -- Military policy,
  • United States -- Foreign relations -- 1989-

Edition Notes

Book details

StatementWilliam Schwabe ; prepared for the Defense Advisory Group to the National Defense Research Institute.
SeriesA Rand note ;, N-3158-DAG
ContributionsNational Defense Research Institute (U.S.). Defense Advisory Group., Rand Strategy Assessment Center.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsUA23 .S365 1990
The Physical Object
Paginationxv, 62 p. :
Number of Pages62
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL1602962M
LC Control Number91138984

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Roles and phases in superpower deterrence and escalation control. Santa Monica, CA ( Main St., P.O. BoxSanta Monica, ): RAND Corp., [] (OCoLC) Title: Roles and Phases in Superpower Deterrence and Escalation Control Author: William Schwabe Subject: Presents an analysis of possible actions, such as force movements and communications, the United States might take to deter the Soviet Union or other powers during a variety of crisis situations.

One theme in the Stimson Center’s Escalation Control and the Nuclear Option in South Asia () is that deterrence is an abstract notion that sometimes fails real world tests.

Crisis management and escalation control then become paramount, as was the case during the limited war in between Pakistan and India after Northern Light Infantry troops crossed the Kashmir divide in. On Nuclear War: Deterrence, Escalation, and Control Stephen J. Cimbala Introduction During the Cold War, and especially in the s, there were some serious efforts in the academic and policy communities to study how a nuclear war could end.1 The large File Size: KB.

Escalation and Deterrence in the Second Space Age, a new report by the CSIS Aerospace Security Project, discusses the evolution of space as a contested domain, the changing threats to U.S. space systems, deterrence theory and its applications to the space domain, and findings from a space crisis exercise administered by CSIS last year.

A new analytic technique for the study of deterrence, escalation control, and war termination (Rand paper series) [Davis, Paul K] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. A new analytic technique for the study of deterrence, escalation control, and war termination (Rand paper series)Author: Paul K Davis.

Applying advances in game theory to the study of nuclear deterrence, Robert Powell examines the foundations of deterrence theory. Game-theoretic analysis allows the author to explore some of the most complex and problematic issues in deterrence theory, including the effects of first-strike advantages, limited retaliation, and the number of nuclear powers in the international system on the Cited by: Short, insightful, and well written.

You can't ask for much more from a book on international political theory. Published inDeterrence addresses the theory of deterrence as it was shortly the United States invaded Iraq, animated by the alternative idea of pre-emption. Freedman is not beholden to a single theory of international relations unlike many other scholars in his field/5.

The study of deterrence, escalation control, and war termination (DEWT) is important because the resulting concepts and mindsets affect the way nations formulate and analyze defense programs and political-military strategies in peacetime, and the way they develop and. As part of the Nuclear Crossroads Initiative, the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's Center for Global Security Research (CGSR).

Deterrence in relation to criminal offending is the idea or theory that the threat of punishment will deter people from committing crime and reduce the probability and/or level of offending in is one of five objectives that punishment is thought to achieve; the other four objectives are denunciation, incapacitation (for the protection of society), retribution and rehabilitation.

At the height of the Cold War an entire intellectual industry had grown around nuclear deterrence – of strategies, game theory, nuclear calculus and yes, escalation dominance to name but a few of the more esoteric concepts that were the lingua franca of the age.

However, as ADM Morgan correctly points out, post-Cold War this academic industry. Deterrence theory's central hypotheses are that crime can be prevented when punishment is certain, severe, and quick. Whether explicitly or implicitly, deterrence-centric philosophy serves as the. Deterrence theory is the idea that an inferior force, by virtue of the destructive power of the force's weapons, could deter a more powerful adversary, provided that this force could be protected against destruction by a surprise attack.

This doctrine gained increased prominence as a military strategy during the Cold War with regard to the use of nuclear weapons and is related to, but distinct. 30 Deterrence Failure and Crisis Escalation Indeed, most of the plausible scenarios for the initiation of nuclear war begin with the escalation of an extended deterrence crisis that started at the conventional level.

In this article we shall systematically examine a set of historical cases in order to. The Future of Extended Deterrence brings together experts and scholars from the policy and academic worlds to provide a theoretically rich and detailed analysis of post–Cold War nuclear weapons policy, nuclear deterrence, alliance commitments, nonproliferation, and missile defense in NATO but with implications far beyond.

The contributors. Ibid., p. He reports that he only included the concept in a second draft of his book after colleagues had complained that his total concentration on immediate deterrence neglected the constancy in the US-Soviet relationship and the extent to which deterrence was required to work not only at the point when a Soviet attack was under active consideration but also to keep them from ever Cited by: Unfortunately, this book can't be printed from the OpenBook.

If you need to print pages from this book, we recommend downloading it as a PDF. Visit to get more information about this book, to buy it in print, or to download it as a free PDF. Since the advent of the nuclear age inthe concept of deterrence and its related military and political expressions have gone through a number of stages in U.S.

thinking: massive retaliation, mutual assured destruction, flexible response, essential equivalence, escalation control, deterrence by denial, intrawar deterrence, tailored. The Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis Updating U.S. Deterrence Concepts and Operational Planning 3 redundancy and survivability of America’s critical strategic infrastructure would allow the United States to emerge from a nuclear or other WMD attack able to retaliate and protect its interests.

BOOK REVIE~S REVIEW ARTICLES ANDENAES AND THE THEORY OF DETERRENCE* LARRY I. PALMER** For at least two reasons, American scholars engaged in an expanding area of criminal law related research cannot to ignore this book by the noted Norwegian criminologist and lawyer.

First, Andenaes' pioneering work. Rational deterrence theories do more than omit important variables. Theories of deterrence focus on the manipulation of an initiator's esti-mates of the costs of war, the probability of winning, and the probability of retaliation through credible threats reinforced by usable military op.

Deterrence and Prevention as Strategic Concepts Michael Eisenstadt OnCharles Hill, Kurt Campbell, and Michael Eisenstadt addressed The Washington Institute's Soref Symposium.

Hill is a diplomat-in-residence at Yale University. Campbell is cofounder and chief executive officer of the Center for a New American. Arms control, if pursued properly, can enhance deterrence.

In the context of a counterforce nuclear targeting policy, nuclear arms control should focus on achieving two outcomes. The aim of this essay is to firstly analyse the concept of deterrence from an economic perspective.

Consideration will then be given to whether the deterrence approach will always lead to success by examining some of the penalties imposed for cartel offences and whether these penalties were always be. deterrence-by-denial and deterrence-by-retaliation ought to be considered separately.

Other authors see deterrence-by-denial as part of an “active defence sys-tem”7, denying would-be-offenders opportunities and putting the defender in control8, while we argue, to the contrary, that they are complimentary.

Deterrence, military strategy under which one power uses the threat of reprisal effectively to preclude an attack from an adversary the advent of nuclear weapons, the term deterrence largely has been applied to the basic strategy of the nuclear powers and of the major alliance systems.

The premise of the strategy is that each nuclear power maintains a high level of instant and. Arms and arms control issues are linked although they are dealt with in separate arms control fora.

Strategic and non-strategic nuclear weapons, missile defense systems, global prompt strike forces, conventional forces in Europe, space and even cyber-security are complex, and related topics (Browne et al, ).An arms control and disarmament approach has to be applied broadly and should cover Author: Heinz Gärtner.

Glasl's escalation model is a very useful diagnostic tool for the conflict facilitator, but also valuable as a means for sensitizing people to the mechanisms of conflict escalation. Such sensitizing may lead to a greater awareness of the steps one should take care to avoid if one wants to prevent a conflict from escalating out of control.

As nuclear weapons and actors multiplied, deterrence took on too many names, too many roles, overreaching an already extreme strategic task. Surely nuclear weapons summoned great caution in superpower relationships.

But as their numbers swelled, so mounted the stakes of miscalculation, of a crisis spun out of control. The American Criminal Justice System is a deterrence based system. *1.) Legislatures determine what is legal and illegal in the United States. *2.) Legislatures must determine a punishment which offsets the pleasure.

*3.) A judge must determine guilt and innocence, and also implies the penalty with no. This thesis centers on that aspect of superpower strategic nuclear systems that lies beyond pure deterrence.

Much has been offered under the rubric of deterrence, but little analysis of compellence has been attempted. Considering the widespread criticisms of deterrence theory, this is surprising.

A comprehensive look at nuclear strategy from the conceptual framework of compellence helps. Deterrence in the context of an established power versus a fast-rising power has a different wrinkle.

One effect of a deterrence-dominated world is to reward passivity over initiative. As Schelling notes, in the world of the arthritic, passivity tends to be the default choice. But fast-rising powers aren’t arthritic.

The Asymmetric Escalation Game Extended deterrence and the dynamics of escalation The Asymmetric Escalation Game under complete information Stability–instability paradox Escalation dominance Subgame-perfect equilibria Coda 7 Modeling Massive Retaliation File Size: KB.

Nuclear Deterrence In a New Era: Applying “Tailored Deterrence” Dr. Keith B. Payne. Keith B. Payne is a co-founder of the National Institute for Public Policy, the director of the Graduate School of Defense and Strategic Studies at Missouri State University and a former deputy assistant secretary of defense.

Deterrence is the prevention of something, especially war or crime, by having something such as weapons or punishment to use as a threat. policies of nuclear deterrence.

Synonyms: prevention, obstruction, inhibition, hindrance More Synonyms of deterrence. Deterrence theorists need to consider experiences with punishment avoidance because crime is a function of both direct and indirect experiences with punishment and punishment avoidance. • General deterrence: punishing some offenders deters people in the general population from crime, including those who were not punished.

Abstract. For the past several decades, the deterrence of crime has been a centerpiece of criminal law reform. Law-givers have sought to optimize the control of crime by devising a penalty-setting system that assigns criminal punishments of a magnitude sufficient to deter a thinking individual from committing a by: Immediately download the Deterrence summary, chapter-by-chapter analysis, book notes, essays, quotes, character descriptions, lesson plans, and more - everything you need for studying or.

The Future of Deterrence June 7 The Concept During the East-West conflict deterrence dominated and regulated superpower rivalry for four decades. Every foreign and security policy measure was taken with consideration for the needs and conditions of deterrence.

Its purpose was to prevent a war between. The Strategy of Deterrence and Air Power by Sanu Kainikara ForeworD The idea of conventional military deterrence as an effective pillar of national security is a contested one.

However, a simple calculus might read thus: the perception of the one to be deterred that the situation is not already so threatened that the status quo is unacceptable;File Size: KB.Michael Codner Defining ‘Deterrence’ Introduction This note addresses military deterrence in the broadest sense.

During the Cold War the word was generally associated with nuclear weapons. After the collapse of the Soviet Union there was more in-terest in conventional deterrence. However, in the United Kingdom Ministry of Defence (MoD) there.Deterrence can also be defined as including two separate aspects, depending on the class of people being directed at, namely individual (specific) deterrence and general deterrence.

[ 9 ] Translated into judicial language in the specific context of sentencing, a Hong Kong judge, HHJ Ching Y Wong SC, drew the distinction thus.

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